Endemism

Anyone who likes reading about nature has probably encountered the word endemism. Endemic simply means that a plant or animal species occurs only in a particular area and nowhere else in the world. All over the world endemic species do occur. Interestingly enough, on islands, and especially older oceanic islands, often a higher percentage of endemic species and subspecies are found compared to the mainland. Isolation leads to unique endemic species. Good examples are the giant turtles and the weird […] Read more »